Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. If you are a medical student and preparing for USMLE then you will have one subject on neurology.

Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the central and peripheral nervous system (and its subdivisions, the autonomic nervous system and the somatic nervous system); including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle. Neurological practice relies heavily on the field of neuroscience, which is the scientific study of the nervous system.

A neurologist is a physician specializing in neurology and trained to investigate or diagnose and treat neurological disorders. Neurologists may also be involved in clinical research, clinical trials, and basic or translational research. While neurology is a non-surgical speciality, its corresponding surgical speciality is neurosurgery.

There is significant overlap between the fields of neurology and psychiatry, with the boundary between the two disciplines and the conditions they treat being somewhat nebulous. Following are some of the diseases that are taken care of by some of the best neurosurgeon:

  • Radiculopathy,
  • Neuropathy,
  • Visual snow,
  • Stroke,
  • Dementia,
  • Seizures and epilepsy,
  • Alzheimer’s Disease,
  • Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Like every doctor, the neurologists also have a methodology. Most of us are unaware of it. So given below is a small description of the processes that the best neurosurgeon in India neurologist performs:

Neurologists examine patients who are referred to them by other physicians in both the inpatient and outpatient settings. A neurologist will begin their interaction with a patient by taking a comprehensive medical history, and then perform a physical examination focusing on evaluating the nervous system. Components of the neurological examination include assessment of the patient’s cognitive function, cranial nerves, motor strength, sensation, reflexes, coordination, and gait.

In some instances, neurologists may order additional diagnostic tests as part of the evaluation. Commonly employed tests in neurology include imaging studies such as computed axial tomography (CAT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound of major blood vessels of the head and neck. Neurophysiologic studies, including electroencephalography (EEG), needle electromyography (EMG), nerve conduction studies (NCSs) and evoked potentials are also commonly ordered. Neurologists frequently perform lumbar punctures in order to assess the characteristics of a patient’s cerebrospinal fluid. An advance in genetic testing has made genetic testing an important tool in the classification of inherited neuromuscular disease and diagnosis of many other neurogenetic diseases. The role of genetic influences on the development of acquired neurologic diseases is an active area of research.

Now that you know what the job of a neurosurgeon is and the diseases treated by them, I hope it comes in handy at the time of need. When it comes to the health of our loved ones, we only want the best. You could take the help of the internet to learn more about the neurosurgeons or take help of the internet to find some of the best neurosurgeons in India. But, until then one must take care and eat healthily; and follow a healthy lifestyle to avoid any disease or ill health.